Skin diseases occurs as the body of any pregnant mother starts to undergo series of changes that will try to make them restless by any little scratch on their bodies, the reaction of the skin sensitivity to things wanted and things unwanted to the pregnant body will start to show up on the outer layer of the body, hereby causing some annoying skin issues during pregnancy, some of these issues also happens due to some hormonal change or hormonal imbalance and examples of such skin issues include dark spots on the breast, nipples and inner thighs, melasma, Linea Ingra, stretch mark, acne, spider veins, varicose veins and lots more.
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Is common and a harmless condition in which some patches of the body becomes usually darker in color more than how it was from birth, the cause of the hyper-pigmentation is the increase or excess of melanin and the pregnant mothers with the excess of melanin, will experience the appearance of dark spots or patches on their skin, this annoying pregnancy skin issue can be resolved drastically by its own self after delivery, however it may still linger and last for several years on the affected skin, an example of hyper-pigmentation spot skin issues on a pregnant woman’s body is known as melasma, it’s like an age spots but occupies as the large darkened areas of the skin as a result of hormonal imbalance, it’s the brown patches that is characterized on the cheeks, nose and fore head of a pregnant woman. Pregnant women with such skin disease should contact a dermatologist about the skin disease and for solution/treatment of melasma during pregnancy. The expectant mother should consider taking some steps to stop worsening of the condition by limiting sun exposure,by using the recommended sunscreen and by putting on a wide brimmed hat when outside the house or within, other examples of hyper-pigmentation are pruritc urticaria papules of pregnancy (pupp) that is a condition in which pale red bumps appears on the skin of a pregnant woman and causes itching burning, the bumps varies in size and some are ranging from very small areas to larger areas that forms a plague, this skin diseases commonly occur on the abdomen, legs, arms, breast and buttocks. Pruritc urticaria papules skin disease typically resolves after delivery.
This skin disease can be solved ultimately, usually after given birth or when given an antihistamine for relief and the steps to reduce and minimize the symptoms of pupp includes the using of Luke worm water when washing, using cool compressors, wearing loose or light weight clothes and avoiding the soap from touching the body when the expectant mother is already affected with urticaria papules.
acne during pregnancy is common and on the first and second trimesters, acne during pregnancy may develop or worsen and can be treated in different ways which include prescription and non prescription methods which is properly discussed with health care giver before the use of it, an increase in a hormone called androgens can cause the glands to grow and produce an oily, waxy substance called sebum and it widely important to practice hygiene such as washing your face with lukewarm water and a mild cleanser twice daily and avoid the hair from touching the face, shampooing daily and avoid the attitude of picking at pimples.
Remember not all medical prescription are safe during pregnancy, below are some of the unsafe products to avoid during pregnancy.
- Hormonial therapy due to an increased risk of birth defects.
- Isotretinoin (These is a form of vitamin A) due to the risk of severe birth defects, intellectual defects, life threatening heart and brain defects and other physical deformities.
- Oral tetracycline (Anti-biotic) due to the risk of tooth discoloration in the baby when taken after the fourth month of pregnancy, this kind of medication can also have a negative effect on the fatal bone growth.
- Topical retinoid (A form of vitamin A) they are found in both the prescription and non prescription products
3. Vein Changes During Pregnancy
As the uterus puts pressure on the inferior vena cava it can cause hormonal changes as well lead to varicose vein, in addition, Spider veins happens to be the small red veins that gradually appear most commonly on the face, neck, arms of an expectant mother, these annoying pregnancy skin issues include harmonic changes and increase blood volume and these kind of pregnancy issues resolves in the postpartum period. Increased weight and uterine pressure during pregnancy are the cause of the Appearances of the varicose veins which are sore enlarged veins and also lead to decrease in blood flow to the legs.
Varicose veins can gradually appear on the legs, vulva, vagina and rectum and this kind of pregnancy disease are resolved during the postpartum, and hemorrhoids are another kind of varicose vein that appears in the rectum or anus and it is occurs as a result of constipation.
Though varicose veins can be hereditary, but one can still prevent the circulatory generational changes in their lineage,
All expectant mothers should consider the following below precautions which are ultimately the best treatment option of varicose veins during pregnancy to minimize the effect of varicose veins.
- An expectant mother should limit periods of sitting and standing in the same position, she should take a break to do other things and change your position.
- A pregnant woman should uncross legs when sitting for a long period of time.
- An expectant mother should elevate legs when possible to improve circulation.
- An expectant mother should use support hosier that inputs pressure on the leg, stimulates the blood flow from up the leg down to the heart.
- An expectant mother should avoid constipation.
- An expectant mother should sleep on her left side; it helps to relieve pressure on the inferior vein cava.
4. Intrahepa tic cholestasis of pregnancy
I.C.P is also known as obstetric cholestasis, it is a medical condition in which there is occurrence of cholestasis, and I.C.P is a pregnancy induced liver condition that is characterized by severe itching without the presence of a rash, itching is typically present on the palms of the hands, soles of the feet. Symptoms of I.C.P generally resolve within the first few days of delivery, I.C.P also increases the woman risk of preterm, labor and fatal demise.
5. Skin Tags
Skin tag is a small piece of soft, hanging skin with a peduncle, it can appear anywhere in the body, the development of skin tags during pregnancy are common and it typically appear in the neck, chest back, groin and under the breast, they commonly occur in folds of the skin. These types of pregnancy skin disease are general, they are not dangerous so for this there is nothing to worry about and they are not malignant because they can be removed for aesthetic and cosmetic reasons, over the counter therapies, excision and cryotherapy are the methods of removing skin tag from the body.
All expectant mothers should speak with their health care provider, if they are experiencing unusual or worsening pregnant skin conditions to really control these annoying pregnancy skin issues.